In response to the large-scale drought occurred in 2011, AAR Japan launched an emergency assistance in northeast Kenya, and since continued water and sanitation projects to enhance community resilience against damage caused by repeated droughts. In 2013, to respond to the influx of refugees fleeing armed conflict in neighboring South Sudan, AAR Japan started emergency assistance in Kakuma refugee camp in northwest Kenya. It is now implementing refugee assistance program with particular focus on education in Kakuma and Kalobeyei.

Activities in Kenya

Assistance for refugees from South Sudan at Kakuma refugee camp (from 2014)

villagers around a well

Vision Secondary School, established in February 2015. AAR Japan was involved in the construction of school buildings, as well as dealing with teaching life skills to enable children suffering from psychic trauma due to conflict to overcome problems facing them in their daily life.

A great number of refugees have flooded into Kakuma refugee camp since December 2013, when armed conflict broke out and spread nationwide in the Kenya’s neighboring country, South Sudan. As a result of that, Kakuma refugee camp overpopulated with about 190,000 while the maximum capacity of the camp is 70,000 people. This overpopulation led to opening of Kalobeyei refugee resettlement in Kalobeyei, where is 30km west of Kakuma.

AAR Japan started its emergency assistance soon after the outbreak of conflict, building water supply pipelines and pediatric wards since February 2014 in Kakuma refugee camp. AAR Japan has also been working on assistance in secondary education since July 2015 by establishing a new secondary school, building additional classrooms and labs in existing schools, supplying school textbooks and science materials, teaching life skills, providing counselling sessions, and building a maintenance management system for the school facilities.

Also, in Kalobeyei, AAR Japan has established a Community Centre for refugees and the host community to promote self-reliance and peaceful coexistence, training the management committees and support operation and management of the facilities.


Water, Sanitation and Hygiene(2012-2015)

villagers around a well

With the aims of minimizing the damage caused by repeated droughts, AAR Japan has built water supply facilities and repaired existing ones them if necessary. AAR Japan has also supported organizations of like the “water management committee”, consisting of the local community, for their sustainable management system of the facilities.

In the northeastern area of Kenya, where most lands are either arid or semi-arid, people have repeatedly faced droughts and related food crises. Continuing on the emergency assistance activities after the 2011 drought, AAR Japan has implemented a Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) program of the construction of water supply systems and sanitation facilities in Kitui County since 2012, as well as in Garissa County since February 2013. AAR Japan also supports organization and training of “water management committee” within the communities for sustainable and autonomous management of water supply facilities.

Emergency Assistance after the Flood Disaster (2013)

Constant and heavy rainfall since March 2013 resulted in a flood that caused 54 deaths, and affected approximately 80,000 others. AAR Japan, in cooperation with the Garissa Branch of Red Cross Kenya, distributed relief goods to the victims of the flood in Garissa city and the surrounding IDP camp.

Emergency Assistance after the Drought (2011)

AAR Japan staff Chino NAGASHIMA, listening to Ms. Fateuma

Ms. Fateuma (age 50) shared her struggle, saying, “Most of my 500 goats have died, and the remaining 50 are too thin to sell.” On the right is AAR Japan staff member, Chino NAGASHIMA (October 10th, 2011)

The worst drought in 60 years hit East Africa in 2011, affecting 13 million people in the region.

AAR Japan's emergency assistance team was dispatched to Kenya in August 2011 to help grapple with the situation. Once there, AAR Japan distributed relief goods, such as rations and daily necessities to the severely affected districts of Garissa and Mwingi. Furthermore, in the Dadaab Refugee Camp - which is said to be the biggest refugee camp in the world - AAR set up tents to be used as classrooms in elementary schools, and distributed blackboards and notebooks.

Activity Reports from Kenya

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