Map & Basic Information

  • Area

    147,000 square kilometers

  • Population

    164.68 million people (2020, World Bank)

  • Capital


  • Ethnicity

    The majority of the population consists of Bengalis, and there are Buddhist minorities, mainly the Chakmas, residing in the Chittagong Hills Tracts bordering Myanmar.

  • Language

    Bengali (national language)

  • Religion

    Muslims 90.4%, others (Hindus, Buddhists, Christians) 9.6%


Source:Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Issues to be addressed

People displaced from Myanmar are forced to live in harsh conditions with no prospect of returning home. Their refugee camps, allegedly the largest in the world, see a serious lack of infrastructure such as water and electricity. There are also other social problems like limited access to education, child marriage, human trafficking, and gender-based violence including domestic violence by husbands. Moreover, the underprivileged among host communities are greatly affected by a decrease of employment opportunities caused by the influx of refugees.


Creating a place for women to stay

Women engaged in sewing work therapy and workshops

With the aim of alleviating serious social problems such as violence against women and children, child marriage, and human trafficking in the refugee camps, we established women-friendly spaces. At these facilities, we provide women with such services as a referral to medical institutions, counseling, and awareness-raising seminars on violence prevention and work therapy sessions.We also work to educate men about gender-based violence.

Major Activities in Past

  • 2017 - 2021


    We have set up toilets, bathing areas, and wells in refugee camps. We have also created a management system for equipment maintenance and organized awareness-raising activities on sanitation.