Map & Basic Information
About 143,100 square kilometers
10 million people (2022: UN Population Fund)
Tajik (84.3%), Uzbek (12.2%), Kyrgyz (0.8%), Russian (0.5%), other (2.2%)
The official language is Tajik. The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also widely spoken.
Sunni Islam is most dominant. In the Pamir region, there are many followers of the Ismaili sect, a branch of Shiism.
Source:Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
Issues to be addressed
Tajikistan has signed but not yet ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), which the United Nations adopted in 2006, and has not reflected CRPD enough to their domestic laws. Discrimination and prejudice against disabilities are still remaining, and the old-fashioned idea that "children with disabilities should be educated in special needs schools" persists as an only way to this issue. There are many children with disabilities who are unable to leave their homes and have almost no relationship with the society.
Children studying in the learning support room set up by AAR.
AAR Japan promotes inclusive education, where children with and without disabilities learn together while considering their individual characteristics and needs.Teacher training colleges train university teachers well versed in inclusive education.
Promoting social and economic independence for women with disabilities
Women receiving training in sewing techniques
Women with disabilities tend to face the difficulty of getting jobs and are more likely to fall into poverty. For this reason, we provide employment support for women with disabilities and their families through training in sewing techniques. In addition, since there are prejudices against people with disabilities, such as "they should stay at home" or "they can't do anything," we hold an exhibition of the participants' work in the training to promote understanding among the residents.
Major Activities in Past
Emergency assistance for
We distributed food to Afghan refugees who had fled near the border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
2010 - 2011
Capacity building of
organizations of people with
We developed facilities for organizations of people with disabilities and conducted vocational training courses, courses on care of people with disabilities, and social welfare seminars.
2011 - 2012
Supporting the wheelchair workshop
To promote the social participation of people with disabilities, we supported the only wheelchair workshop in Japan. We manufactured and distributed wheelchairs tailored to people with disabilities and the environment in which they use them.