Tajikistan

Map & Basic Information

  • Area

    About 143,100 square kilometers

  • Population

    9.7 million (United Nations Population Fund, 2019)

  • Capital

    Dushanbe

  • Ethnicity

    Tajik (84.3%), Uzbek (12.2%), Kyrgyz (0.8%), Russian (0.5%), other (2.2%)

  • Language

    The official language is Tajik. The official language is Tajik, but Russian is also widely spoken.

  • Religion

    Sunni Islam is most dominant. In the Pamir region, there are many followers of the Ismaili sect, a branch of Shiism.

tajikistan

Source:Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Issues to be addressed

Tajikistan has signed but not yet ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), which the United Nations adopted in 2006, and has not reflected CRPD enough to their domestic laws. Discrimination and prejudice against disabilities are still remaining, and the old-fashioned idea that "children with disabilities should be educated in special needs schools" persists as an only way to this issue. There are many children with disabilities who are unable to leave their homes and have almost no relationship with the society.

Activities

Inclusive education

Children studying in the learning support room set up by AAR.

AAR Japan promotes inclusive education, where children with and without disabilities learn together while considering their individual characteristics and needs. We are installing barrier-free facilities, training human resources, and constructing learning support rooms.

Major Activities in Past

  • 2001

    Emergency assistance for
    Afghan Refugees

    We distributed food to Afghan refugees who had fled near the border between Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

  • 2010 - 2011

    Capacity building of
    organizations of people with
    disabilities

    We developed facilities for organizations of people with disabilities and conducted vocational training courses, courses on care of people with disabilities, and social welfare seminars.

  • 2011 - 2012

    Supporting the wheelchair workshop

    To promote the social participation of people with disabilities, we supported the only wheelchair workshop in Japan. We manufactured and distributed wheelchairs tailored to people with disabilities and the environment in which they use them.