Map & Basic Information

  • Area

    603,700 square kilometers

  • Population

    41.59 million (excluding Crimea) (2021: National Statistics Service of Ukraine)

  • Capital


  • Ethnicity

    Ukrainian (77.8%), Russian (17.3%), Belarusian (0.6%), Moldovan, Crimean Tatar, Jewish, etc. (2001 Census)

  • Language

    Ukrainian (national language), other Russian, etc.

  • Religion

    Ukrainian Orthodox and Eastern Catholic. Other religions Roman Catholicism, Islam, Judaism, etc.


Source:Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Issues to be addressed

Due to the military invasion by Russian forces, about one-third of the population of Ukraine was forced to flee their homeland*1. More than half of them have been internally displaced, fleeing to relatively safe areas such as western Ukraine. Some elderly and disabled people remain in the country due to the difficulty of traveling long distances. In addition, approximately 8% of the country is contaminated by landmines and unexploded ordnance*2, which poses a major barrier to the return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their homeland after the war ends.

*1 (As of July 2022)
*2 (As of 2020)


Distribution of food and daily necessities

Women and children displaced from the northeast Ukraine are huddled in a convent in western. AAR is working with Polish convent that have a network in Ukraine to transport food, medicine, hygiene products, and children's clothing from Poland to Ukraine for distribution to the people living in and near the convent. We also maintain children's playrooms and underground shelters.

Mine action


There have been many reports of damage caused by landmines and unexploded ordnance in Ukraine from before. In addition, many citizens are now at risk because Russian troops have buried landmines along roads and in agricultural land as part of their military operations. AAR is working with an organization specializing in landmine clearance to cope with landmines and unexploded ordnance.

Support for People with Disabilities

The most severely affected by the humanitarian crisis are people with disabilities and others who need social support ordinarily. AAR provides assistance tailored to the needs of each individual, including adjustment of shelters, dispatch of caregivers, and cash transfers.