Map & Basic Information

  • Area

    1.88 million square kilometers

  • Population

    42.81 million (2019 / World Bank)

  • Capital


  • Ethnicity

    Arabs, Nubians, Nuba, Fur, Beja, etc. (more than 200 ethnic groups)

  • Language

    Arabic and English (official), other languages

  • Religion

    Islam, Christianity, traditional religions


Source:Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Issues to be addressed

Mycetoma is an infectious disease caused by bacteria and fungi that affects muscles and bones, resulting in inflammation of the feet and hands and amputation of the limbs in severe cases. In Sudan, there are many cases where the symptoms worsen due to insufficient knowledge about mycetoma or going through treatment without medical evidence.



A man who suffered from mycetoma and had his leg amputated. He lives with a prosthetic leg that he made himself.

Few organizations and institutions sensitize the public about mycetoma. AAR Japan is conducting awareness raising activities to spread correct knowledge and the importance of early diagnosis, especially in areas where there are many infected people. We also send medical staff from Mycetoma Research Center and university hospitals in Khartoum as volunteers to perform surgeries and treat patients.

WASH in refugee settlements

AAR staff listening to a woman who lives in a refugee settlement.

Clashes between government forces and armed groups in the Tigray region, northern Ethiopia, in November 2020 have led to mass displacement and an influx of more than 60,000 people into eastern Sudan. In cooperation with local partner organizations, we carry out hygiene awareness-raising activities, together with the establishment of hand-washing facilities and the distribution of hygiene products, which also help prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Major Activities in Past

  • 2006 - 2019

    Mine risk education

    In areas where landmines and unexploded ordnance remain in abundance, we have conducted mine risk education to provide people with knowledge and methods to protect themselves from landmines.

  • 2016 - 2019

    Mine victim assistance

    We supported landmine victims by providing them with artificial legs. We also assisted them in starting small businesses such as grocery stores so that they could earn a living despite their disabilities.

  • 2016 - 2019


    We built water supply facilities such as boreholes, water tanks, water pipes, and water stations in Kassala Province, where the reconstruction from the 20-year long conflict was severely delayed.